THE ROLE OF STATE REGULATION AND BUSINESSES TOWARDS
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF ANGOLA


Isabel M. Borges, Hannah Hills and João A. Francisco


Isabel M. Borges Cand./Lic.Jur. (Coimbra), LL.M. (Kent), Dr. Juris /
Ph.D. (Oslo), Research Director, The Governance Group; Lecturer
and Guest Researcher, Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, isabel@
thegovgroup.org; isabel.m.borges@jus.uio.no.


Hannah Hills MPhil (Oslo) Associate, The Governance Group,
hannah@thegovgroup.org


João A. Francisco Cand./Lic.Jur. (Católica Angola) LL.M. (Valencia)
Ph.D. Candidate Law (Valencia) Lecturer, Catholic University of Angola
fran.joan@alumini.uv.es; fran.joan@ucan.edu.


ABSTRACT
The challenges to achieve sustainable development within planetary
boundaries in Africa are immense. This article outlines the extent to
which the current regulatory and policy frameworks in Angola ensure
sustainable development, do not leave loopholes for human rights
violations, and secure the social foundation for humanity within
planetary boundaries.
There are multiple economic, social, political and legal challenges in
Angola, which are hindering the enforcement of sustainability and
human rights regulations. The article shows that while the effective
protection of the environment and its people has been echoed in relevant
sustainable development legislation and policies by the State in Angola
it does not fully correspond with people´s daily-lived experience. In
this context, because social and planetary boundaries are complex and
interdependent, the role of private actors and public cooperation with
African states is essential. Businesses play a key role in ensuring that
the Angolan State honours its commitment to the achievement of the
Sustainable Development Goals. However, all of this must go hand in
hand with not creating false expectations to its people. It is necessary
to strengthen the enforcement of the national regulatory framework and
policies in order to ensure that companies operating in the country adhere
and contribute to the achievement of human rights and sustainable
development in order to secure the social foundation for humanity.